I already discussed the two primary types of slow bowling: off spin and leg spin. In this review, we’ll go a bit further and talk about variants as well as specific forms of delivery like the Googly, Flipper, Carrom Ball, and so on.
I’ll start by going through four basic tactics that players employ to impart spin in different directions. The grip is critical in imparting spin on different parts of the ball to achieve a desired result.
Types of Spin Bowling Based on Rotation Direction
Over spin is also known as top spin at times, and the ball will rotate in the direction it is moving. Overspin balls do not tend to float in the air or turn off the pitch, but they might rush on to the batter and cause them to take a false stroke.
With an overspin delivery, the bounce may also be inconsistent. The ball can sometimes stay low, but it might sometimes bounce higher than expected when it reaches the seam.
The ball will move rearward towards the seam with a back spin delivery. Again, there may not be much variation in the air or on the surface, therefore the key to success is the ball’s speed.
When applying back spin, the ball is gripped between the front two fingers while the thumb accomplishes the important job. The ball may come later than expected, causing the hitter to take their stroke too soon.
This is the sort of delivery that is also known as a ‘flipper.’
Side spin is also called as barrel spin on occasion. The bowler must hold the seam between his fingers when one hemisphere of the ball is towards the batsman
The fingers rotate as the ball is thrown, and the ball spins sideways along the seam.
This style of delivery should result in some pitch turn, but it can also create substantial air drift, making it a double hazard. When the ball strikes the pitch, the batter might be fooled and fall into a false stance.
Lateral spin is also known as an undercut because the bowler undercuts the ball at the point of delivery. The goal is for the seam to be completely horizontal as the ball exits the hand, with the fingers clutching along that sideways seam.
As the bowler releases the ball, the palm of the hand will be facing up to the sky, and horizontal side spin will be imparted. If the bowler gets it correctly, there should be substantial drift — akin to what quicker, swing bowlers produce.
In contrast to a conventional side spin delivery, a lateral spin ball may not veer too far from its route. Its main weapon as it approaches the batter is that significant drift.
What is the distinction between finger spin and wrist spin?
A finger spin will physically spin the ball using the fingertips. They have a firmer grip and, theoretically, better control.
A wrist spinner will use their wrist to turn the ball at the point of delivery. The grip is looser, making it more difficult for a wrist spinner to control the ball.
Finger spinners are commonly associated with persons who practise off spin bowling. The spin is given by the fingers when throwing the ball, and any turn will go in the direction of a traditional off spin bowler.
As a result, if a right arm off spin bowler delivers to a left hander, the ball will turn from the off stump to the leg stump.
The Carrom Ball, sometimes known as the Doosra, is the off spinner’s hidden weapon. If this is done correctly, the ball will spin in the opposite direction as described above.
The grip on the Carrom Ball has changed, with the middle finger curved behind the ball. That ball virtually ‘flicks out’ of the hand at the instant of delivery.
A leg spinner is also known as a wrist spinner. The movement of the wrist during delivery is designed to impart spin as the ball exits the side of the hand.
While a normal right arm leg spin bowler rotates the ball, the ball will go from the leg stump to the off stump when a right handed batter is facing.
A wrist spinner may also attempt to toss a googly to deceive a batter who is expecting a standard leg spinner.
The googly is delivered with a leg spin action, but it turns the ‘wrong way’ to a right handed batsman, moving from off stump to leg stump when bowled by a right arm bowler.
It’s a slight variation on a standard leg break that entails utilising the ring finger to create spin on the point of delivery.
Types of Spin Bowling Based on Arm Used
Right arm slow bowlers are considered to be more ‘traditional.’ As a result, they are usually classified as ‘off spinners’ or ‘leg spinners.’
A right arm spinner can theoretically bowl all of the techniques described above. An off spinner, on the other hand, is more likely to be connected with side spin and lateral spin. Meanwhile, a leg spinner may practise overspin and reverse spin.
Left armers are uncommon in any sport, and this is especially true for bowlers. A left armer who bowls off spin is commonly referred to as a ‘left arm orthodox.’
A left arm bowler providing leg spin is sometimes referred to as a wrist spinner rather than a leg spinner, which can be misleading for newcomers to the game.
Until recently, a left arm wrist spinner was also known as a ‘left arm chinaman’ bowler. This is due to the fact that Ellis Achong was one of the first practitioners of the technique. Achong, who was born in China, played six tests for the West Indies in the 1930s.
You may still hear this word, but it is now regarded highly disparaging and is gradually losing favour.
Leg Spin and Off Spin
When a right-arm off spin bowler bowls a ball to a right-handed batter, the goal is to turn the ball from off stump to leg stump.
The directions are reversed if you have a left-handed bowler and/or batter. When pitching to a right-handed hitter, a left-arm off spinner will turn the ball from leg stump to off stump.
When throwing to a right-handed batter, a left-arm leg spinner will shift the ball from off to leg. In our last essay, we discussed the distinction between off spin and leg spin.
Clearly, there are more bowling categories than many of us believed, and it’s difficult to pigeonhole some players into specific groups. Some may even try to arrange multiple sorts of deliveries to further confuse us.
England batsman Liam Livingstone bowls spin as well, alternating between off spin and leg spin.
His decision may be influenced by the pitch conditions or by whether there is a left-handed or right-handed batter at the crease.
There are people who bowl both right and left handed. Ambidextrous cricketers might be the game’s future, as two have bowled with both arms at international level: Kamindu Mendis and Shaila Sharmin.
These occurrences are unusual, but there are broad categories into which bowlers can be classified, and I would offer the following:
- Off spin with the right arm
- Leg spin with the right arm
- orthodox left arm (off spin)
Within those categories, the bowlers will strive to improve the sorts of deliveries seen at the beginning of this round up.
Back spin, side spin, lateral spin, and over spin may all be employed to some extent by those bowlers.
In general, those are the major categories we are searching for, although the current game provides a variety of various versions.
If there is one takeaway from this, it is that spin bowlers must deliver something unique in the present day. Take, for example, one of the more effective spinners, India’s R Ashwin, who loves to alter his run up, kind of delivery, and point of delivery.
As a result, it’s difficult to categorise bowlers, but this outlines the varieties of spin bowling that you’ll most likely encounter in the current game.
Cricket is a changing sport, and it will be interesting to observe how these tactics are used, as well as any new versions that may emerge in the future.