# In the sport of cricket, how is the distance of a six measured?

The method that is used to determine the distance that a ball is hit in cricket is one that has definitely piqued my interest.

## The Six Different Strike Zones

At the major competitions, like the Indian Premier League, we frequently see a six distance come up nearly immediately after the ball comes to a stop.

The fact that the ball will frequently contact seats in the stand or other parts of the structure is one of the things that has me perplexed about the situation.

If it were to land on the roof of the stadium, that would likewise throw off its projected ultimate landing point.

Even if there are no obstructions along the ball’s journey and its landing on the ground, just how is that factored towards the scoring?

The solution can be found in the Hawkeye technology that is utilised in several other facets of cricket.

## How Do You Keep Score When Scoring a Six in Cricket?

Hawkeye is engaged in every single game that use the technology in some capacity. They have six cameras strategically placed around the field, and they are used to track the path taken by the ball after it is hit by the batter’s bat and begins its journey away from the field.

After that, the data from those six cameras was merged to create a 3D representation of the path the ball took. After that, that photograph will assist in determining the precise distance.

The importance of speed should not be overstated. The time when the ball is no longer in contact with the bat is used to compute the speed.

In addition to this, the amount of time it takes to go 22 yards, which is the length of a cricket pitch, is recorded and then projected ahead.

Calculations are then performed in which this 3D image, as well as the path and speed of the ball, are included, and the result is the ultimate distance.

## Different Ways of Approaching It

In addition, a radar gun, much like the one that is used to determine the speed of bowling balls, may be utilised in this operation. In terms of striking a six, it will determine the speed of the ball after it has been hit by the bat and is moving across the cricket pitch.

In games where Hawkeye is not playable, the gun is frequently utilised as a substitute. When anything like this occurs, a rule of physics that is commonly referred to as the Range of Projectile law is applied to the measuring.

As you would have guessed, range of projectile is applicable to missile technology; nevertheless, it is also applicable to striking a six in cricket. It’s possible that the computations will be fairly extensive.

The physics basically utilises the speed of the ball, its trajectory, and the amount of time that it spends in the air to determine anything.

After then, a method consisting of divisions and computations is utilised in order to arrive at the final solution.

## In what ways does the Technology fall short?

The techniques that are used to compute six hitting are not flawless in every way, much like the technology utilised in many other aspects of cricket.

When it comes to the calculations for the Projectile’s Range, there is an issue since it utilises the amount of time that the ball is in the air. This creates an inaccurate result.

As we’ve seen, this situation is fraught with difficulties. This ball has the potential to make contact with a component of the stand even while it continues to move in an upward manner.

The Hawkeye technique measures speed, but it is possible for the results to be affected by decreases in speed caused by a variety of factors.

On the other hand, there is very little room for error, and the technology is unquestionably a significant improvement over what it would have been in the past.

## The Greatest Sixes in the History of Cricket

When I witnessed Liam Livingstone knock a massive six for Punjab Kings during the IPL in 2022, it piqued my curiosity in this topic and made me want to learn more.

Although it was estimated at 117 metres, it had already struck the roof of the stadium, so how could they be sure that this measurement was accurate?

We should hopefully be clear on that matter now. If you’re interested, I’ve also prepared an essay about the largest sixes in the game, so check it out if you have a chance.

Although Livingstone is a powerful batter with a wide hitting range, he has a lot of competition from batters of the past as well as batters of the present day.

Let’s Get to Know the Hotspot Technology Used in Cricket, Shall We? How does it come into effect?

It’s time to take a look at the physics underlying Hotspot, which is one of the many pieces of technology designed to assist the umpires, and it’s important that we do so.

## What does the term “Hotspot” mean in cricket?

A piece of technology known as “Hotspot” is employed in the process of determining whether or not the ball has struck the batsman, the batsman’s pad, or the batsman’s bat.

After the ball has been thrown by the bowler, infrared cameras are used to determine what, if anything, the ball has collided with after being delivered.

The third umpire is able to make better judgements because to the information provided by hotspot, which answers certain questions.

## What is the Process Involved in the Hotspot Technology?

Two infrared cameras, which will generally be mounted on the straight borders, are used by Hotspot.

These cameras are positioned just above the sightscreen. When providing the footage, we shall only ever employ a single one of these cameras at any one moment.

This is due to the fact that the endpoints of the action are switched once each round is completed. In the event that a judgement must be made about hotspot, only the front-facing camera will be considered for this.

When there is a collision, the camera picks up on the heat. The technology has been employed in the military, but in cricket, the primary role of the hotspot is to feel and quantify when the ball strikes an object. This technology has also been applied in other sports.

A glowing dot will emerge on the surface of the bat, the pad, or any other object that has made contact with the ball when it is hit.

The third umpire is able to determine what, if anything, the ball has hit by watching the tape, which can help with a judgement that has to be made on the field.

## When exactly does the term “Hotspot” get used in cricket?

The decisions of “caught” and “LBW” are the two most common ones that are decided with the use of hotspot.

This technology will be utilised by the third umpire as part of the Decision Review System (DRS), which will allow him to evaluate whether or not the ball has hit the bat.

It goes without saying that the ball making contact with the bat is essential to determining whether or not a catch was made, and the hitter cannot be called out if the ball has not made contact with either their bat or their glove.

If, on the other hand, hotspot reveals that the bat has a “nick,” the catch may still be validated.

In addition, hotspot can be utilised in the LBW decision-making process. When a referral is issued, it is absolutely necessary to identify the location where the ball was hit.

For instance, a hitter cannot be ruled out for being struck by the ball if the ball has already made contact with their bat.

Even in situations in which hotspot is not being utilised as a component of the referral system, it is possible for television cameras to use it as a tool to assist in the analysis process.

## Compared to Other Technologies, Hotspot

When it comes to making decisions of this nature, Hotspot has competition from two primary competitors.

The Ultra Edge and the Snickometer are two more technologies that may be utilised to determine if the ball has made contact with the bat, the pad, the batter, or anything else at all.

The fact that Ultra Edge and Snicko are both based on sound is the primary distinction between the two of them. These are acoustic monitoring devices that are activated in response to any sort of physical touch.

Those that are in favour of the Hotspot protocol believe that here is where it excels. Due to the fact that the other two systems are solely capable of detecting sound, it is possible for them to pick up noises that have nothing to do with an on-field judgement such as being caught or LBW.

The bat falling to the ground is a frequent occurrence, while the Ultra Edge and The Snickometer have also been set off by the player’s feet moving or hands squeaking while they are holding the bat.

These sound-based devices are also susceptible to being fooled by a phenomenon known in the industry as the Phantom Snick.

If the ball is struck sufficiently close to the edge of the plate, it may be enough to send them into a frenzy even if it only brushes the bat.

When using hotspot, the third official is able to see precisely where the ball has made contact, which is often seen as a significant benefit in comparison to other technologies.

## An Evaluation of Concerns Regarding the Hotspot Technology

Although Hotspot asserts that it provides high levels of accuracy, there have been numerous high-profile situations in which contentious judgements seem to call its veracity into question.

The associated cost may be one explanation for why it is not utilised by a greater number of people. When using a two-camera system, it comes to around \$6000 USD every day, which is a hefty price in comparison to what its competitors charge.

Criticism is directed towards the technique for a number of reasons, one of which is that the hotspot feature does not detect clean nicks.

During the Ashes series that took place in England in 2013, there were a number of instances in which the technology failed to detect an edge, despite the fact that it was obvious that the ball had hit the bat.

One notable example of a hotspot mistake is Rahul Dravid’s performance against England in 2011. While the results of the hotspot investigation were inconclusive, Dravid was selected as the winner of the extreme edge competition.

Joe Root, who plays for England, was a victim as well. He was under the impression that he had obviously missed a ball hit by Shane Watson, who represents Australia.

The images showed that there was a distance between the bat and the ball, which gave the impression that Hotspot had the upper hand.

Even if the overall accuracy levels are rather good, the fact that hotspot is capable of making choices that are highly controversial is the primary reason for the criticism levelled against it.